As it is known, Indonesia has the potential and reserves of renewable energy that has not been seriously utilized and developed. Geothermal potential reaches 28.8 MW, solar reaches 112 GW, hydro and mini hydro reach 75 GW, coal-based energy has the potential of 950 MW, while biofuel and biomass has a tremendous potential of at least 60 GW.

However, behind the advantages with the emergence of the renewable energy sources, there are still some things that become a problem in the utilization of the thermal power station. One of which is wind used in the conversion of wind energy into electricity are still relatively small with an average speed of only about 3-5 m / sec. Whereas to make it commercially feasible, the wind speed required for thermal power station are in the range of 5-6 m / sec. In Indonesia, there are only a few areas with sufficient wind speed, mostly around the province of East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara Province.

Then, wind energy is a technology with operations that require a backup when the battery needs to be recharged and the battery storage capacity required is also large so that electricity supply can be met. However, most of these assistive technologies are diesel, so it is not practical, less efficient, and affects the expected reduction in carbon emissions.

Lastly, the process undertaken to perform maintenance on wind turbines and solar panels still cannot be done optimally. This is because the location of thermal power station is relatively far from the central government of Yogyakarta city and the access to the site is a new site that has not been widely known by the public. In addition, the majority of local residents also have not been able to perform maintenance of the power plant because they do not understand the procedure to be performed and there is no socialization or training provided to local communities.

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